It is no coincidence that Morocco succeeded and achieved success by organizing cop 24,
its agricultural and environmental policy dates from the 1960s
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Morocco is a leader in the production of citrus fruits and vegetables
Morocco is a leader in the production of citrus fruits. Nearly 600 000 tonnes per year or about 54 percent of our production comes from the southern region Agadir and about The drought and the sometimes exagerant temperatures in August September are fought by the drilling of the wells in abundance and the greenhouse culture
strategy of agriculture in Morocco primeurs, fruits, dam,
irrigation technology, valorization of plots of land,
studies of aquifers and protection of the environment,
breeding and development
The water table suffers too much but the numerous dams in the region can cover a good part of this water need. According to the results of the general citrus census conducted by the Ministry of Agriculture in 2006, the national citrus area is estimated at 81,549 ha. This area is exploited by 12,820 citrus farmers.
The main citrus growing regions are: Souss Massa with 40.5% of the citrus growing area followed by Gharb with 19.8%, Moulouya (16.8%) and then Tadla (14.1%) and Haouz (7.3%).
The Moroccan citrus orchard is dominated by large farms. Nearly 11.3% of the orchards are larger than 10 ha and occupy 72.1% of the total citrus area. Orchards smaller than 3 ha represent 67.2% of the total number of orchards and 10.8% of the total citrus area. It should be noted that nearly 97.8% of citrus orchards are exploited by natural persons. Varieties
Nearly 47 citrus varieties have been identified. The group of oranges occupies 41,729 Ha (51.2%) followed by berries with 34,141Ha (41.9%), then lemons with 2,828 Ha (3.5%). Other citrus fruits represent 2,850 Ha (3.5%).
The rate of renewal of citrus plantations is quite fast (20% are less than 5 years old), there is also a delay in the renewal of plantations of more than 34 years, they still represent 26.6%. This indicates that the renewal dynamic is very recent
The water requirements of citrus fruits are estimated at around 1200 mm per year, distributed throughout the year. In the Gharb region where rainfall reaches 550-600 mm from October to May, the deficit of 600 to 650 mm must be filled by irrigation from May to September-October with inflows modulated according to the values ??of l potential evapotranspiration. Some periods, even a temporary water deficit is detrimental to production.
Picking conservation export
Harvesting should be done with great care, as harvesting operations can cause injuries and wounds that degrade the fruit and are open to fungal changes. The picking should start when the fruits are dry. The oranges are exported and beforehand, they must undergo a number of treatments such as degreening, washing, disinfection, drying, coating with wax, calibration and crating. Put in a cold room at 3-8 ° C and 85-90% humidity, the oranges can be kept for several months.
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